It can be incredibly difficult to track how much you have drank and when you should stop. This is especially true if you start of mix drinks or drink something you are unfamiliar with.
Take a beer for example, most people know where they are with a beer. You know how long it takes to drink and how it might affect you.
But then you take a shot or 2 of gin and you have no clue what that equals or how many beer equivalents you have had. How many beers equals a shot of gin?
How many beers equals a shot of gin?
One standard beer is defined by the USDA as being 5% ABV and 12fl oz in volume. This contains 14g of pure alcohol. A standard shot of gin has 40% ABV and 1.5fl oz which again means it has 14g of pure alcohol.
This means that one standard beer equals a shot of gin in terms of the alcohol it contains.
What is a standard beer?
Beers come in lots of different shapes, sizes and strengths. There is no point in me saying “standard beer” and you imagining some 14% Imperial Stout when i mean a 5% Pilsner.
Luckily for everyone, the USDA have devised a list of “standard” alcoholic drinks. Each one contains the exact same amount of alcohol – 14g of alcohol (0.6 ounces).
Below is a list of the standard drinks, volumes and ABV that all give 14g of alcohol.
|Drink and volume||Alcohol content|
|12fl oz Beer||5%|
|5fl oz Wine||12%|
|1.5fl oz Spirit||40%|
So as you can see, a standard beer is a 12fl oz and 5% alcohol by volume beer. I will be using these figures for the calculations.
What is a standard shot of gin?
From the information and definitions given to us by the USDA, we can see that a standard shot of gin is 1.5fl oz and 40% alcohol by volume
So in the USA, a standard shot is 1.5fl oz of 45ml of gin and 40% ABV
This also gives a pure alcohol content of 14g
Are all gins 40% ABV?
40% is used as it gives the magical 14g of pure alcohol but in reality a lot of gins have slightly different ABVs.
Some gins are 37.5%, others are export strength at 43.5%.
Do standard shots of gin change in different countries?
Unfortunately, a standard shot of gin will change from country to country.
Even within an overall country or single market there can be lots of differences.
Take the UK for example…
A standard shot of gin in England and Wales is 25ml (remember a standard US shot is 45ml).
A standard shot of gin in Scotland and Northern Ireland is 35ml.
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland all make up the UK but there can be various laws, in this case liquor laws, that differ, how weird is that?!
So how many shots of gin in a bottle?
There are 16.9 shots of gin in a bottle of gin in the USA. For European countries the ratios would be a lot different and the end numbers would also be different.
How many beers or shots of gin does it take to get drunk?
The CDC states it takes the average 160lb adult male, 4 standard beers to get drunk. A standard beer is 12fl oz and 5% ABV.
The 4 beers have to be drank over 1-2 hours. If you are a female or lighter then it will take less beers, if you are a significantly heavier male, it may take 5+ beers to get drunk.
As a standard beer equals a standard shot of gin, it would take 4 shots of gin to get drunk.
How does beer and gin compare in calories?
So far we have looked at how many beers compares to a shot of gin in terms of their alcohol content.
We have seen they have the same or nearly the same with some variance. But what about the nutritional aspect? Which has the fewer calories and carbs?
How many calories in non alcoholic beer?
From well over 100 different non alcoholic beers i have reviewed, i gathered all their nutritional data to work out the averages…
The average amount of calories in 100ml of non alcoholic beer is 22.6kcal. This works out at 80.1kcal in a 12fl oz measure.
You can see all this data here
How many calories in alcoholic beer?
The USDA say that the average alcoholic beer has 43kcal per 100ml which works out at 153kcal in a 12fl oz serving, this mirrors my own findings.
I took a sample of 35 alcohol beers and found that the average calorie count was 43.2kcal per 100ml and 153.3 in a 12fl oz serving.
How many calories in gin?
Unfortunately gin is not zero calories. The USDA state a standard measure of gin has 97 kcal per standard 1.5 fl oz shot. That equates to about 215kcal per 100ml of gin. This is based on a 40% ABV gin.
So you can see that a shot of gin has significantly less calories than a bottle of beer but slightly more than a bottle of non alcoholic beer.
How many calories are in a bottle of gin?
If a 1.5fl oz shot of gin is 97kcal and there are 16.91 shots in a bottle of gin, that means a bottle of gin contains 1640kcal.